# What Are the Odds? 50 Facts Exploring the Chances of Everyday Events

Being wealthy increases your likelihood of participating in college sports. Students from the top 20% income bracket have nearly three times better chances of playing college sports compared to students from the bottom 20% income bracket.

2. The Birthday Paradox states that in a group of 23 people, there is a 50% chance of at least two people sharing a birthday. This paradox initially seems wrong but is actually true, serving as an example of a veridical paradox.

3. Prior to the world’s first nuclear explosion, the estimated chance of the earth being vaporized by the blast was slightly less than 3 in 1,000,000.

4. Contrary to popular belief, parking your car in a dark spot at night decreases the chances of theft because thieves don’t like to use lights during their operations.

5. Children born earlier in the academic year have a higher likelihood of excelling in sports or academia, known as the “relative age effect.”

## 6 Powerball Jackpot Shift

Powerball changed its odds in 2015, shifting the chances of winning the jackpot from 1 in 175 million to 1 in 292 million. The first billion-dollar jackpot occurred the following year.

7. The odds of a great white shark attack are approximately 1 in 11.5 million, significantly lower than the odds of being struck by lightning.

8. The estimated odds of a structure in Tornado Alley being directly hit by a tornado are 5,000 to 1.

9. In 1989, a man placed a £30 bet on four events occurring by January 1, 2000: U2 still being active, Cliff Richard being knighted, EastEnders remaining a weekly BBC show, and Neighbours and Home and Away still airing on British TV. He was given odds of 6,479-1 and collected £194,400 in January 2000.

10. In 2004, Rory McIlroy’s father placed a £200 (\$341) bet at 500-1 odds that his son would win the British Open within the next 10 years. When McIlroy won the tournament in 2014, his father earned \$171,000 from the wager.

## 11 Candiru Attack Rarity

The odds of being attacked by a candiru, also known as the “penis invading fish,” are roughly equivalent to being struck by lightning while simultaneously being eaten by a shark.

12. The Yoruba people have the highest probability of producing twins globally. This likelihood is attributed to their consumption of a specific type of yam that releases a hormone capable of causing the ovaries to release an egg from each side.

13. In 1990, Mike Godwin introduced Godwin’s Law, which pertains to Nazi analogies. It states that as an online discussion progresses, regardless of the topic, the probability of a comparison to Adolf Hitler or the Nazis approaches 1.

14. Southern Missouri encompasses an earthquake zone where a magnitude 7.0 earthquake occurred in the early 1800s. The region’s bedrock characteristics allow earthquakes to affect an area 20 times larger than quakes in California. There is a 1 in 10 chance of another earthquake within the next 50 years.

15. A research paper claimed that individuals who jump out of an airplane with an empty backpack have the same chances of survival as those who jump with a parachute. However, the paper only addressed scenarios where the plane was grounded in the latter part.

## 16 Kirkland’s Winning Wager

In 1994, the family of 13-year-old Chris Kirkland placed a bet at 100-1 odds that their son would one day play for Team England. The bet proved successful in 2006 when Kirkland, now a goalkeeper, played for England in a match against Greece, resulting in the family winning £10,000.

17. Despite the perceived low odds, 93% of lost dogs are reunited with their owners. Even after being lost for 24 hours, 55% to 65% of dogs are found and returned.

18. Even a reliable, non-defective calculator can occasionally experience a random error known as a soft error, where it may produce an isolated mistake (e.g., returning 2+2=5). The chances of encountering such an error are incredibly low, with cosmic rays being an interesting source of the problem.

19. On August 18, 1913, at the Monte Carlo Casino, the roulette wheel landed on black for 26 consecutive spins. The odds of this occurrence are approximately 1 in 66.6 million. Many gamblers lost millions of francs as they continually (and incorrectly) believed that red was due to come up next.

20. The odds of winning jackpots at slot machines range from 1 in 5000 to 1 in 34 million when using the maximum coin play.

## 21 Car vs. Plane Fatality Odds

The odds of dying in a car accident are 1 in 5,000, while the odds of dying in a plane crash are 1 in 11 million. Moreover, even if you are involved in a plane crash, statistically, you have a 76% chance of survival.

22. A coin flip actually has a probability of 51/49 for landing heads or tails, favoring the side facing up when flipped. However, if you spin a US penny on its side, there is an 80% chance of it landing with its tail facing up.

23. The widowhood effect refers to the increased probability of a person dying shortly after their long-time spouse’s death. This pattern shows a significant rise in the risk of death for the widower, particularly within the three months following the spouse’s passing.

24. Approximately one in three pets will become lost at some point during their lifetime.

25. Roughly one in 2,000 people in the UK is a carrier of variant CJD, commonly known as “mad cow” disease, which is linked to consuming contaminated beef. However, it is unclear if those who contract the infectious agent can transmit it to others, and only a small number of people who catch it develop symptoms.