Scientists discovered an Ancient whale with 4 legs. The skeleton was dug out from the coastal desert Playa Media Luna. It is the first indisputable record of a quadrupedal whale skeleton for the whole Pacific Ocean.
27. City trees can offset neighborhood heat islands, finds a new study, which shows that enough canopy cover can dramatically reduce urban temperatures, enough to make a significant difference even within a few city blocks. To get the most cooling, you have to have about 40 percent canopy cover.
28. Chatting with adults boosts kids' brain development.
29. Cooking oil coating prevents bacteria from growing on food processing equipment, resulting in a 1,000 times reduction in bacterial levels inside the industrial machines tested. Coating a stainless steel surface with an everyday cooking oil appears effective in repelling bacteria.
30. Bonobo mothers pressure their children into having grandkids, just like humans. They do so overtly, sometimes fighting off rival males, bringing their sons into close range of fertile females, and using social rank to boost their sons' status.
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Scientists found the 22 million-year-old fossils of a giant carnivore they call "Simbakubwa" sitting in a museum drawer in Kenya. The 3,000-pound predator, a Hyaenodontidae, was many times larger than the modern lions it resembles, and among the largest mammalian predators ever to walk Earth's surface.
32. Doing just 10 minutes to 1 hour of leisure time physical activity such as dancing, walking, or gardening each week is associated with an 18% lower risk of death. All exercise, even the smallest, easiest amount, can have lasting benefits.
33. Scientists have genetically modified cassava, a staple crop in Africa, to contain more iron and zinc. These scientists estimate that their GMO cassava could provide up to 50% of the dietary requirement for iron and up to 70% for zinc in children aged 1 to 6, many of whom are deficient in these nutrients.
34. Engineers have created the most wear-resistant metal alloy (Platinum-gold alloy) in the world. It's 100 times more durable than high-strength steel, making it the first alloy, or combination of metals, in the same class as diamond and sapphire, nature's most wear-resistant materials.
35. Children’s risk of autism spectrum disorder increases following exposure in the womb to pesticides within 2000 meters of their mother’s residence during pregnancy. Exposure in the first year of life could also increase risks for autism with intellectual disability.
Studies have found that Google Glass can help kids with autism read facial expressions and develop better social skills.
37. Victims of workplace mistreatment may also be seen as bullies themselves, even if they have never engaged in such behavior, and despite exemplary performance. Bullies, on the other hand, may be given a pass if they are liked by their supervisor, finds a new study about bias toward victim blaming.
38. Researchers have discovered that the “googly eyes” optical illusion terrifies eagles and crows so badly that they remain afraid of the eyes, and will not return to the area where it is visible. This finding has been successfully used to keep the birds away from airport to avoid lethal collisions.
39. High-intensity resistance training can improve sleep quality and reduce anxiety in adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, finds a new randomized controlled feasibility trial.
40. A study has found that a person's ability to delay instant gratification is a more important determinant of higher income than variables like height, age, and ethnicity.
41Omega-3 fatty acid
Giving children omega-3 fatty acid supplements reduces disruptive behavior, which in turn had a positive effect on their parents, making them less likely to argue with each other and engage in other verbal abuse, finds new randomized, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled trial.
42. Men whose first child is a girl are more likely to support policies that promote gender equity than men whose first child is a boy.
43. Being a “morning person” or “evening person” is a behavioral consequence of a person’s underlying circadian rhythm, which is shaped by their genes. Some genes can even shift a person’s natural waking time by up to 25 minutes.