38 Crazy Facts about World Languages That’ll Fascinate You

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1Esposas

In Spanish, "Esposas" has two meanings: "handcuffs" and "wives". Esposas is the feminine plural of esposo, which comes from the Latin sponsus, which comes from the Latin spondere, which means "To bind."


2. A greater percentage of Dutch people speak English than Canadians. About 90% of Dutch speak English, while only 85% of the Canadians speak English.


3. "Esprit d'escalier" (literally, staircase wit) is a French term used in English to denote the tendency to think of a witty reply when it is too late, for example when taking the stairs on leaving the scene of a confrontation.


4. "Huh?" is a universal word and is found in roughly the same form and function in spoken languages across the globe.


5. The American Sign Language for “pasteurized milk” is the sign for “milk” while moving your hand past your eyes.


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6Marie Wilcox

Marie Wilcox is the last fluent speaker of the ‘Wukchumni’ language. In an attempt to revive the dying language, she spent 7 years writing and recording a Wukchumni dictionary.


7. In English, multiple adjectives are supposed to be listed in the following order: Quantity, Opinion, Size, Age, Shape, Color, Origin, Material and Purpose.


8. "The Chaos" is a poem written by Gerard Nolst Trenité to show differences in pronunciation of English words which are spelled similarly. The poem only rhymes if you know how to pronounce them correctly.


9. Ablaut reduplication is an unwritten rule in the English language stating that "if there are three words then the vowel order must go I, A, O. If there are two words then the 1st is I and the 2nd is either A or O." It is the reason we say tick-tock, not tock-tick, ding-dong not dong-ding, etc.


10. American speech is punctuated with "uh" & "um", English speech with "er" & "erm", Japanese with "ā", "anō", & "ēto", German with "äh", French with "euh"-- basically, every language uses different sounds to interrupt themselves while their brain is working on forming thoughts into words.


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11Shi poem

To show how Classical Chinese had become an impractical language, linguist Chao Yuen Ren wrote a 92-character poem in which every syllable has the sound "shi". The poem "Shī Shì shí shī shǐ" translates to "Lion-Eating Poet in the Stone Den".


12. In English, zero quantities are plural by default. Therefore you can write "0 results found" and "I have found no results".


13. We say "pardon my French" after swearing because, in the 19th century, English-speaking people would drop French phrases into the conversation to display class, apologizing because many of their listeners wouldn't know the language. Then people hid swear words under the pretense of them being French.


14. Around 1000 of the world's approximately 5,000 languages are spoken solely in New Guinea.


15. Motto of the news satire organization, “The Onion” is “Tu stultus es” which in Latin translates to “You're an idiot.”


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16Mr. Bean intro

At the beginning of Mr. Bean episodes, as part of the opening credits, Mr. Bean falls from the sky in a beam of light, accompanied by a choir singing ‘Ecce homo qui est faba,’ which in Latin translates to ‘Behold the man who is a bean.’


17. Nikola Tesla could speak eight languages: Serbo-Croatian, Czech, English, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, and even Latin.


18. “Sh*tstorm” has been adopted into the German language as a perfectly polite noun meaning an internet-born controversy.


19. The Korean alphabetic system, known as Hangul, was introduced by King Sejong in the 1440s to improve literacy. The difficulty of Chinese characters favored privileged aristocrats, whereas Sejong's phonetic alphabets allowed Koreans of all classes to learn how to read and write.


20. The Dothraki language was designed to sound like Arabic to the untrained ear, or a mix between Spanish and Arabic to anyone who knows Arabic.


21Much and mucho

The English word "much" and the Spanish word "mucho" are not related at all, despite having similar definitions. "Much" comes from Proto-Germanic "mikilaz", while "mucho" comes from the Latin world "multum". Their similar appearance is a complete coincidence.


22. Blond(e) is one of the few words left in English that is gendered. Blond is used to describe males, while Blonde is used to describe females.


23. “American” was the official language of Illinois from 1923 to 1969.


24. Tagalog is the 5th most spoken language in the United States, ranking higher than Vietnamese, Korean, German, Arabic and Russian. Tagalog is spoken by a quarter of the Philippine population.


25. Phrases like, "Long time no see," and "Chop chop" are grammatically incorrect and originate from Chinese immigrants. These phrases may have been coined by native speakers imitating these immigrants.

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