25 Rare Fascinating Species Few People Know That Exist on Earth



A gannet named Nigel was dubbed "the loneliest bird in the world" due to the absence of any other birds of his species on his island. Conservationists built fake concrete birds to attract more birds but Nigel ended up falling in love with one the decoys.

2Red Line subway

Red Line subway

During the construction of the Metro Red Line subway in Los Angeles, 2,000 fossils were discovered, some as old as 16.5 million years old. These included 39 species of extinct marine fish that had never before been discovered.

3Opal gemstone

Opal gemstone

There is a very rare and special type of gemstone that can only be found and formed in fossils of extinct species of cephalopods over the process of hundreds of millions of years. The most expensive opal in the world is an opalized fossil valued at over $1,000,000.

4Cryptotora thamicola

Cryptotora thamicola

A species of cavefish named Cryptotora thamicola in Thailand has been documented walking and climbing waterfalls in a manner similar to four-footed creatures such as salamanders, in a find researchers call “huge” in evolutionary terms.

5Yellow bellied three toed skink

Yellow bellied three toed skink

A species of Australian lizard (Yellow bellied three toed skink) is abandoning egg-laying in favor of live birth.

6Pandanus candelabrum

Pandanus candelabrum

A rare African plant signals diamonds beneath the soil. The plant, Pandanus candelabrum, only grows in diamond-rich kimberlite soil.



UK scientists discovered 3 new species of mushroom after buying dried porcini mushrooms from a local grocery store and testing them.

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There is a species of pig called "Mangalitsa" which has wool on it which resembles that of a sheep.

9Boquila trifoliolata

Boquila trifoliolata

In 2014, a new species of the vine (Boquila trifoliolata) was discovered in Chile that can mimic the leaves of many different host trees. It can change the size, shape, color, orientation, and even the vein patterns of its leaves to match the surrounding foliage. It is the only known plant that can do this.

10Graneledone boreopacifica

Graneledone boreopacifica

There is an octopus species (Graneledone boreopacifica) that cares for her eggs for 53 months, apparently not eating during this time, then dies. This brooding period is the longest known for any animal.

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