A species of cavefish named Cryptotora thamicola in Thailand has been documented walking and climbing waterfalls in a manner similar to four-footed creatures such as salamanders, in a find researchers call “huge” in evolutionary terms.
2Yellow bellied three toed skink
A species of Australian lizard (Yellow bellied three toed skink) is abandoning egg-laying in favor of live birth.
A rare African plant signals diamonds beneath the soil. The plant, Pandanus candelabrum, only grows in diamond-rich kimberlite soil.
UK scientists discovered 3 new species of mushroom after buying dried porcini mushrooms from a local grocery store and testing them.
There is a species of pig called "Mangalitsa" which has wool on it which resembles that of a sheep.
In 2014, a new species of the vine (Boquila trifoliolata) was discovered in Chile that can mimic the leaves of many different host trees. It can change the size, shape, color, orientation, and even the vein patterns of its leaves to match the surrounding foliage. It is the only known plant that can do this.
There is an octopus species (Graneledone boreopacifica) that cares for her eggs for 53 months, apparently not eating during this time, then dies. This brooding period is the longest known for any animal.
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Room of Forgotten Souls
Deep in the Amazon rainforest, there exists a rare breed of dog that has two noses. When Colonel Percy Fawcett described it after returning from a 1913 expedition to the area, he was teased and ridiculed by his peers.
There is a species of ant named Solenopsis daguerrei that will infiltrate a fire ant colony, kill the queen, then take her place. The workers raises the impostor's children, which then fly off to infest more colonies. They are being considered as a biological method to control the spread of fire ants.
A newly discovered species of gecko named Geckolepis megalepis has tearaway skin that leaves predators with nothing but a mouthful of scales when attacked.