1Operation Midnight Climax
In 1954, CIA established Operation Midnight Climax in order to study the effects of LSD. Sex workers on the CIA payroll were instructed to lure clients back to the safehouses, where they were given LSD and studied through a one-way glass to see if this could help the CIA’s mind-control research program. The program was soon expanded, and CIA operatives began dosing people in restaurants, bars, and beaches. Every one of these acts was blatantly illegal and several significant operational techniques were developed in this theater, including extensive research into sexual blackmail, surveillance technology, and the possible use of mind-altering drugs in field operations.
2Dog Control Experiments
As a part of the army and the CIA's experiments into mind control, researchers put electrodes into the pleasure centers of dog’s brains. Initially, they wanted hundreds of dogs. They only actually got 10, and of those only a few were implanted. These dogs would be “remote-controlled” by zapping them and essentially giving them a dose of dopamine when they were facing the right direction. The controllers would stop the dope-zap when they wanted the dogs to stop, and then the dogs would re-orient themselves until they were facing the correct direction. This meant when the controllers weren't present, the dogs who had been implanted would continually spin in circles, even in their cages, always looking for the direction that gave them that next hit. The program ran out of funding in the mid-60s, and the dogs were killed.
3Heart Attack Gun
In the late 1960s, the CIA developed an untraceable gun with a bullet made of ice and brushed with a shellfish toxin causing an almost immediate heart attack. Upon penetration of skin, just a tiny red dot was left. The poison itself worked rapidly and denatured quickly afterward. It was revealed in 1975 in a Congressional testimony.
4Vietnam Civilian Killings
After the My Lai massacre (killing of around 400-500 innocent civilians in Vietnam by U.S. army troops), the U.S. government established a group to investigate other war crimes like this occurring in Vietnam under the Vietnam War Crimes Working group. They found 28 massacres of equal or greater magnitude than My Lai that the public was unaware of, so literally thousands of innocent people were killed by the U.S soldiers. The information has since been reclassified, but there were several journal articles on it when it was first released.
Operation Mockingbird was a classified CIA program spanning from the '50s through to the late '70s that intended to influence the media and create ‘a propaganda network’ of leading American journalists. The operation was exposed after a 1967 Ramparts magazine article reported that the National Student Association received funding from the CIA. In the 1970s, Congressional investigations and reports also revealed Agency connections with journalists and civic groups.
The Phoenix Program was a program designed and coordinated by CIA during the Vietnam War, which involved cooperation between American, South Vietnamese and Australian militaries to identify and destroy the Viet Cong (VC) via infiltration, torture, capture, counter-terrorism, interrogation, and assassination. Methods of reported torture detailed by author Douglas Valentine that were used at the interrogation centers included: Rape, gang rape, rape using eels, snakes, or hard objects, and rape followed by murder; electric shock rendered by attaching wires to the genitals or other sensitive parts of the body, like the tongue; the 'water treatment'; the 'airplane' in which the prisoner's arms were tied behind the back, and the rope looped over a hook on the ceiling, suspending the prisoner in midair, after which he or she was beaten; beatings with rubber hoses and whips; the use of police dogs to maul prisoners.
7Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment
During the Tuskegee syphilis experiment, the US Public Health Service withheld penicillin treatment from hundreds of impoverished sharecroppers to study the natural progression of untreated syphilis in rural African-American men. This led to their life expectancy falling by 1.4 years, which accounted for approximately 35% of the life expectancy gap between black and white men. The study continued until it was leaked to the press in 1972. A doctor was even reprimanded by the US government for treating an elderly black man with syphilis because the doctor ruined their experiment. The elderly black man was unwittingly part of the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, and the doctor had unknowingly stumbled upon it.
Project 1794 was a top-secret program with the U.S. Air Force working with a Canadian aeronautics company to build a supersonic flying saucer-like aircraft that would be able to simultaneously wage psychological war on the Soviet Union as well as physical war (it was also designed to be a bomber). The project was scrapped when they figured out that not only would it be too expensive to build enormous flying discs, but also that crafts of that shape were near impossible to fly at supersonic speeds. A lot of UFO conspiracies started after the test of their smaller flight models.
From 1945 to 1955, Swedish researchers subjected uninformed patients of Vipeholm Mental Hospital to a series of tests to determine how teeth decay worked. The tests began as government-approved vitamin research but quickly deteriorated into experimentation with a diet of candy and chocolate, sponsored in large part by the local confectionery industry. Many of the patients had their teeth irreparably ruined, and it began a large conversation on the ethics of informed consent because these experiments were performed on people who were “uneducable” who had no say in what went on.
10Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program
The Pentagon commissioned an initiative called the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program in 2007 and they just recently released footage of US military aircraft approaching these “advanced aerospace threats.” The program produced documents that describe sightings of aircraft that seemed to move at very high velocities with no visible signs of propulsion, or that hovered with no apparent means of lift. Officials with the program have also studied videos of encounters between unknown objects and American military aircraft — including one released in 2017 of a whitish oval object, about the size of a commercial plane, chased by two Navy F/A-18F fighter jets from the aircraft carrier Nimitz off the coast of San Diego in 2004.