American wine under 7% alcohol must display nutritional information, but wine above 7% alcohol does not have to.Previous Fact Next Fact
Why is alcohol exempt? The short answer is that, mainly as a legacy of Prohibition, alcoholic beverages aren't regulated by the FDA, but a different federal agency called the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau - and this agency doesn't require nutritional labeling. As a result, in 1990, when modern nutrition labels on all packaged foods became required by the FDA, alcohol wasn't affected. Bottles of distilled liquor must have a label indicating the alcohol percentage, and the same goes for bottles of wine with more than 14 percent alcohol.
Wines with less than 7 percent alcohol and beers that don't have malted barley actually fall under FDA rules, which specify that they need to list standard nutrition facts and ingredients - but labels about the alcohol content are optional. The many attempts to put nutrition labels on alcohol. One of their arguments was that putting nutrition facts on all bottles of alcohol would make consumers erroneously think that alcohol was nutritious. The new labels would have also included alcohol content and serving size, and would have looked a lot like the nutrition facts on other foods. There's something pretty wild about a situation where bottled water is required to have nutrition facts, but you have to go online to figure out how much alcohol and how many calories are in a beer.