History in Pics


A forgotten age of open-air schools in the Netherlands, 1957.

Open air schools or schools of the woods were purpose-built educational institutions for children that were designed to prevent and combat the widespread rise of tuberculosis that occurred in the period leading up to the Second World War. The schools were built on the concept that fresh air, good ventilation, and exposure to the outside contributed to improved health.

The schools were mostly built in areas away from city centers, sometimes in rural locations, to provide a space free from pollution and overcrowding. The creation and design of the schools paralleled that of the tuberculosis sanatoriums, in that hygiene and exposure to fresh air were paramount; open air schools however also provided education.


A group of Samurai in front of Egypt’s Sphinx, 1864.

The samurais were sent by the Japanese government to France. At that time, all the ports of Japan were closed, cutting it off from the rest of the world. The samurais were sent to help solve diplomatic problems between Japan and Europe on December 29, 1863. They were welcomed by every government and head of state they visited, including Napoleon III, in France. The samurai brought back lots of products from their trip, including a book on wine production. They ended their expedition earlier than expected due to the need to report home about the astonishing technology in modernized countries.


The day when nationwide alcohol ban was repealed, December 5, 1933.

The main opposition to women’s suffrage was from brewers who knew that as soon as women could vote, the prohibition would go through. Since most of the brewers were German, the US going to war against Germany changed the game and women got the vote and the sale of alcohol was almost simultaneously prohibited.

These twins toddlers on a Russian street are so well protected from the cold that they look like penguins, 1968.

Burlington Mayor Bernie Sanders picks up trash on his own in a public park after being elected in 1981, his first electoral victory.


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